Migrating to MongoDB Atlas

mLab is now part of MongoDB, Inc., the company behind the database that powers your application(s). For background please read our announcement on October 9, 2018.

As part of merging the two organizations we will be sunsetting mLab’s service and working with users to migrate to MongoDB Atlas.

Migration Timing and Details

mLab and MongoDB Atlas have been working together to do the following:

Our goal is to have users migrate to MongoDB Atlas by the beginning of 2020 but note that we are still in the process of sending out official notifications.

If your account has been sent a notification with an official deadline, you will see a banner with the deadline date after you’re logged into your mLab account. If not, rest assured that your database deployment(s) and all of our services will operate as usual, and you will be provided with plenty of advance notice to migrate.

If you would like to migrate now see the section below about migrating now.


Q. Does Atlas have similar management tools/features that mLab has?

Feature-wise, the two MongoDB-as-a-Service products are more similar than they are different. Some capabilities that may be new to mLab users include cross-region replication; geographic data distribution via Global Clusters; enterprise security features such as encryption key management, granular database auditing, and LDAP support; and tight integration with the MongoDB Connector for Business Intelligence (BI) and MongoDB Charts.

mLab’s engineering team was integrated into the greater MongoDB engineering organization, and we have been working on new features together.

Note that some functionality is different on Atlas. For example, you will not be able to take mongodump-based backups that upload to your own S3 bucket, but you will be able to achieve a similar end-goal using Atlas’ features.

Q. Will you migrate my mLab deployment for me?

We cannot perform the migration on your behalf, but we are working to make it as easy as possible for you.

Importantly note that migration process will require you to change the connection string which your application is using to connect to your database(s).

Q. How much downtime is required?

If you are migrating into one of Atlas’ dedicated-tier clusters (M10 or above), the only downtime that will be necessary is the time it takes for you to stop writes to the source mLab deployment and restart your application servers with a new connection string that points to the target Atlas cluster. The reason why this process is so seamless is that you willl use the Atlas Live Migration process.

Migrating to one of Atlas’ shared-tier clusters (M0, M2, or M5) or an Atlas Sharded Cluster will require more downtime.

See our guide to sizing the target Atlas cluster.

Q. Can I migrate now to Atlas?

Yes - most of mLab’s users can migrate now. You may not be able to migrate now if you are:

Be aware that:

Before migrating:

We recommend that you review the migration prerequisites before migrating.

How to migrate now:

Migrating to Atlas requires a connection string change, but if you have a for-pay mLab deployment and your target Atlas cluster is running on the Atlas M10 or above, you’ll be able to perform the migration with very minimal downtime to your application.

Step-by-Step Guide to Migrating:

For migration questions or issues, see the support-related FAQ at the bottom of this page.

Q. Should I migrate to Atlas yet?

We recommend starting the process to migrate to Atlas if:

Q. Does Atlas have a Data API?

MongoDB Atlas offers similar capabilities in MongoDB Stitch. We will be exploring what we can do to reduce friction associated with the transition over the coming months.

In the meantime mLab’s Data API will continue to run as it always has.

Q. Does Atlas have a Heroku add-on?

Not at this time. However, MongoDB will be working to build an integration between MongoDB Atlas and Heroku. You will be able to continue to use mLab via its add-on at Heroku until the new integration is available.

Importantly note that many applications use Heroku with mLab without using Heroku’s add-on program. If you go this route you just need to ensure that your Heroku app is hosted in the same AWS region as your database. For convenience our docs at Heroku include a mapping of Heroku’s region names to AWS regions.

Q. Can I migrate to a different cloud region on Atlas?

The migration tool for migrating from mLab to Atlas does not support cloud region changes.

However, you can do the following instead:

  1. Migrate to the same cloud region on Atlas.
  2. Wait a couple days or through a period of peak traffic to ensure that the migration was successful.
  3. Migrate your new Atlas cluster to the new region.
    • This operation is seamless if you migrated from an mLab Dedicated plan or onto an Atlas M10 cluster and above.

Note that we highly recommend running your application servers and your databases in the same cloud region. Otherwise you could have issues with network latency and instability.

Q. Does Atlas support mongodump-based backups to custom S3 buckets?

Atlas does not support mongodump-based backups. Instead, Atlas snapshots are generally in the form of MongoDB database files. Database files tend to be orders of magnitude faster to restore than mongodump-based backups, especially for larger deployments (since indexes don’t have to be re-built).

Also, although Atlas currently does not support archiving backups to custom S3 buckets it does have an API for programmatically accessing backups:

Endpoints for restoring or downloading an Atlas snapshot:

How to restore a downloaded Atlas snapshot:

Once you have downloaded an Atlas snapshot, you can also archive the backup to S3 using the AWS API either directly or via an AWS SDK in the language of your choice.

Q. My Atlas connection string is prefixed with “mongodb+srv://”. What is this?

MongoDB supports two connection string formats, the standard connection string format (prefixed with mongodb://) and the DNS seedlist connection string format (prefixed with mongodb+srv://). mLab only supports the standard connection string format while MongoDB Atlas supports both.

Q. How do I estimate how much I will spend on Atlas for similar services?

Atlas plans are packaged differently than mLab’s in that clusters, backups, data transfer, and support are priced separately.

Cost Type Description Notes
Cluster Service cost which includes the VMs and disks  
Backup Service cost which depends on the size of the data set and the retention policy. Only applies to Atlas dedicated-tier clusters (M10+). Roughly 6% of Cluster costs
(assuming Cloud Provider Snapshots and 8 retained daily backups to match mLab’s default; varies based on workload).
Data transfer Service cost. Only applies to Atlas dedicated-tier clusters (M10+). Roughly 7% of Cluster costs
(assuming applications connecting from within the same cloud region; varies based on workload).
Add-on feature Service cost for optional features such as MongoDB Connector for BI.  
Support Subscription cost priced as a percentage of total service cost, with a minimum. Depends on the selected support plan1.

To see an estimate of how much a given mLab deployment will cost on Atlas (including backups and data transfer) start the steps to migrate a specific deployment.

If you are concerned that data transfer costs will be disproportionately high, ensuring that your application and database are running in the same cloud region will not only allow you to minimize data transfer costs but also will minimize network latency and network instability. If you are still concerned please contact support@mlab.com for advice.

If you have questions or concerns about pricing on Atlas please email support@mlab.com.

Q. How do I get help? Who do I direct questions do?

For migration-related questions or issues, email mLab Support (support@mlab.com). mLab Support will be your main point of contact for migration issues and will work closely with Atlas Support and Atlas Engineers as needed.

To expedite the process include your mLab account name or mLab deployment identifier as well as a link to your Atlas cluster, project, or organization.

  1. Our intent is that your all-in Atlas costs do not exceed what you’re paying at mLab. As such in some cases we will be able to offer discounts on Atlas support plans (email support@mlab.com for help).